Media, sport clubs, political organizations and other people who has been watching astonishingly from the outside world, has fallen into a huge mistake of thinking that the context of violence and hooliganism is directly contacted with soccer only. The right way to think of soccer is thinking of it as an institution to take out anger and/or any sort of violence that has been kept inside of a man, and not thinking soccer as a factor of violence -which is exactly the reason why many institutions have been failing to solve this “issue”. Hooliganism is not different from fascism, nationalism, or fanatism. The only difference is that hooliganism uses these notions only in soccer and keeps these notions alive in the field. If I were to say what I would like to say at the end of this article, to truly end hooliganism we also truly need to strive to end violance against women, racism, cursing on the streets as we drive through, because people who we define as hooligans are not isolated from the world whom only come out during the soccer games. These people have their own unique thoughts, conflicts, wants/needs, social life and economic status. When you consider it from this point of view, we could say that soccer is just the tip of an iceberg.

Similarities of the Common Countries That Faces Hooliganism

If we were to count countries that are facing problems of hooliganism in the foreground, we could agree on about Turkey, Greece, countries in Balkan Peninsula, some South American countries such as Brazil and Argentina. Even though these countries may have different geography, religion, culture, ethnicity and governing structure, they also have very significant common characteristics. Although these countries may have very different features from each other, they are very similar when we look at the disparity of social life. People in these countries have unequal distribution of income, they do not have stability in economics, and moreover, most of the people in these nations are dissatisfied about their levels of status and welfare. Nonetheless, the gap between rich and poor has been increasing even more. The people that are convicted to live under these circumstances have already internalize their anger and soccer is one of the simplest and easiest way to bring out their internalized feelings. Even when a sports fan wears a jersey and try to be an unidentified and homogeneous person, they are still bringing their nuisance, stress, anger, or/and their hatred towards life. In addition, a live broadcast of soccer games and a large mass of fans watching these games have provided these people to be recognized with their banners and cheers. In other words, people with insecurities who have been ignored, crushed, oppressed, exploited are there to find others that are similar to them to find comfort and to feel secure.

Disarranging Social Life

If you were to research a life of fanatics and hooligans, you would see that they have deep gaps in their lives. If we were to handle this argument imagining a Turkish society, we were to see that many of these people have no hobbies or activities in sports or arts. Actually, this problem is seriously worth stressing about. When we analyze societies like Europe or the United States of America, we can see that children are involved in hobbies, sports and/or arts at a very young age. This is harder to do in Turkey for the economic and social reasons I have mentioned earlier. In Turkey, most of the children are sent to Qur’an courses as an activity during their school breaks. Only limited amount of children have the option to test their ability or to be involved in sports, dance, or arts during these breaks. In fact, these habits -of activities- have been deprived from these children at a very young age may lead to loss of a lot of feelings as they grow older. Hence, these children lose the feelings of being a team, empathy, and competitive personality in their adulthood. Those who have spent their childhood without any involvement of hobbies or activities are easy to be seen to spend their spare time in front of a TV or at a shopping mall passively from a social life.  When looked through this context, it may be normal to cover the person’s failure with the success of the team they support. That is why when we research each soccer fan and fanatics, we see them trying to define the team they support as the best, unbeatable, and strongest team, and the team’s achievement is celebrated like their own individual success. As a matter of fact, if the person is living a busy life with a great social life and a good, enjoyable job, they would not have the time to spend their time going to each game of the team they support nor have the time to watch the games as a fanatic, instead they would use the idea of being a sports fan as a hobby, which takes “supporting” in a limited area.

We may also include interraction with the opposite sex in uniformity in social life. The most indulging moments in the world for a person around their 20s is holding a flag of the team they support for the first time -instead of holding an opposite sexs’ hand for the first time- is whats defining their love, thrill, and passion. Both cheers and behaviors of a fanatic fans’ or hooligans’ if researched may show that fan conducts intend to man-woman interaction.

Coded Violence  In Turkish Culture

Even if they don’t have the awareness,  Turkish culture has a lot of violence codes. In fact, they have proverbs that legitimize violence, such as, “beating is heaven-sent”,  “spare the rod and spoil the child”, “a rose appears on where teacher slaps”, etcetera, these proverbs have been naturalized in the language and used for many years. Besides the proverbs, boys are pushed to be a physically strong. Respect is earned by being the strongest kid in the group, and winning each fight thats fought. That is why people that grow up in these kinds of culture show internalized behaviors of such mentioned earlier, the least activity they are involved in is the least social education they get. Which is a result of impatient and results-oriented mentality of Turkish society, because the winning side uses harmful, and upsetting statements to show physical strength and rivalry to their opponent.

Stadiums Are The Place To Blow Off Steam

The reason that many soccer fans go to the stadiums is to blow of steam, by cursing comfortably and taking out anger, which makes stadiums as an endangered place for family events. However, movies, theatres, or other sports are not as dangerous as the soccer games, because they are not the places to blow of steam but unfortunately soccer has become as the place to take out the anger from these people. So,  when we say “ there are all kinds of people” in the stadiums, we are saying that those people have  many collected stress and anger in their social life to blow off. German or British soccer fans never really go to stadiums to blow off steam, because these people who live in these countries already have high standards toward their lives. More likely, they do not have the stress or anger of a Turk who has lived in lower standards and has lived in inequalities. They probably do not experience anti-democratic practices, and most important of all they do not die without a reason.

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