In Japan, an alternative demolition strategy is helping reduce noise, material and air pollution — this meticulous process also facilitates the harvesting of embedded energy from condemned buildings.
Rather than blasting a building with dynamite or crushing a structure piece by piece with loud machinery, deconstruction companies carefully “unbuild” one level at a time. Viewed from the exterior, tall buildings appear to simply shrink and ultimately vanish entirely.
One such approach starts at the top of a structure and works its way down. The Taisei Ecological Reproduction (or: Tecorep) System begins by enclosing the top floors of a building. An architectural shell wrapped around these floors provides shelter as well as sound proofing.
A ceiling crane system suspended from the top of the cap (inside the sheltered deconstruction zone) helps facilitate disassembly. After a set of levels is disassembled, columns supporting this upper cap are lowered. The process is then repeated, floor by floor, all the way down.
In the case of the Grand Prince Hotel Akasaka in Tokyo, a time-lapse shot (left) shows what the process looks like to an outside observer while a similar video (below) captures the interior perspective.
There are a number of big benefits to this approach:
- Dust, silica, oxide and other aerial particulates are contained
- Carefully disassembled materials can be more effectively recycled
- Energy is generated as deconstructed materials are lowered
An electric conversion system turns the process of lowering materials to the ground below into a source of power for an on-site battery. Essentially: potential energy embedded during construction is converted into kinetic energy on the way out, in turn tapped for reuse. The electricity generated in this process powers lights and other equipment on the deconstruction site.